CDI & Electrosorption

Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a promising new technology for water desalination making use of an electrical voltage applied between two porous carbon electrodes. Even at rather low voltages of 1.2 V, desalinated water can be produced. This “direct current” low voltage can easily be produced using a small solar panel. The academic interest in CDI has increased rapidly in the past 5 years as can be read in the news items. Companies, from startups and SMEs to multinationals, have research activities and commercial deployment in the field of CDI.

Electrosorption is the fundamental process underlying the CDI technology describing the interaction of molecular species and ions with charged interfaces for chemical conversion and/or temporary storage and separation. With the multitude of molecular species that can be of interest, ranging from metal and salt ions (lithium, arsene) all the way up to protein and designer molecules such as pharmaceuticals, and the multitude of flat and porous materials that one can think of, the possibilities are enormous.

Though at present the CDI&E website may have a focus on CDI, we expect to see increasing numbers of contributions where the fundamental phenomenon of electrosorption is applied for novel applications in water treatment, health and energy.

This website is maintained under the responsibility of the International Working Group on CDI&E, who also invites you to attend any of the upcoming CDI&E conferences and symposia.


CDI publication statistics through the roof !

... and the field of Capacitive Deionization keeps on growing at an increasing speed ! While over 60 scientific publications are now written and published annually, citations to the CDI literature have grown from a number less than 100 per year before 2010, to about 2000 per year at the end of 2015, and this number continues to ...continue reading

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How to reduce energy consumption in CDI? — reports from the US and Europe

­Currently CDI devices
consume significantly more energy than the theoretical thermodynamic minimum, and this is partly due to resistive power
dissipation. To enhance the performance of CDI, identification of resistances in the CDI cell is important. Recently, two articles have been published on characterizing resistances in CDI and membrane-CDI (MCDI). Researchers from Stanford University (US) published an ...continue reading

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Complementary surface charge enhances CDI-performance

Two recent papers with authors from the US, The Netherlands, and Israel, convincingly show the relevance of chemical charge residing in the carbon electrodes ("immobile", or "complementary" charge) to enhance salt adsorption capacity (SAC) of CDI electrodes. In the more theoretical paper of the two, published OPEN ACCESS in Colloids and Interfaces Science Communications, the ...continue reading

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9th International Conference ‘INTERFACES AGAINST POLLUTION’ (IAP2016) — Lleida, Spain

It might be of your interest to know that the 9th International Conference ‘INTERFACES AGAINST POLLUTION’ (IAP2016) will be held in Lleida (Spain, one hour train from Barcelona) from 4th to 7th September 2016, see FLYER SCOPE of IAP2016: Bioelectrodes; Capacitive deionization (CDI); Electrochemistry at interfaces; Coagulation; Sensors and Biosensors; Electroanalytical methods for the ...continue reading

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Conference CDI-Electrosorption Saarbrücken 2015 a great success !

October 25-29, 2015, the International Conference on CDI&Electrosorption was organized by the Institute of New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken, Germany. In a beautiful location on the pittoresque campus of Saarland University, 120 attendees from all around the globe participated in lectures, a CDI-tutorial, and a poster session, with lively discussions during coffee breaks and lunches. An inspiring ...continue reading

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